From the Cold War to the clash of civilizations Socialist system of the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries that went to collapse one after another, tensions bisecting the world of the Cold War has been relaxed. But that result, or that there is no conflict or war world peace has been achieved and, it did not happen. now, among the various regions and countries, it is the conflict that is said to ethnic conflicts and religious conflicts have come to frequent. The signs that the Soviet Union was the first to appear is trying to establish was the Afghanistan civil war that began in 1979. Parent Soviet regime was military intervention in Afghanistan. Fierce civil war against it, rebounded strongly Islamic forces It became. After all, the socialist regime in the 1992 collapse, the Soviet Union was supposed to taste try to only a reduction in the influence. On the other hand, the same 1979, in the center of the leader Khomeini nurses in Iran Paharevi (Pahlavi) monarchy of the pro-American faction was overthrown by the Islamic forces.