[Arab Spring], Syria civil war, the Islamic countries rise .... Incidents as there is no Kazoeagerebakiri is, in recent years, what is happening in the Middle East. However, if you look at the coverage of the Middle East in Japan, [Islamic terrorism], words such as [sectarian conflict] is used as the magic word, [made to feel that you understood as unintelligible] in the Middle East that is commonplace It seems to have become to. Attempts to cast a stone in this situation is, it was published in the last year month "of one of the modern Middle East real image is nothing in the Arab heart] is happening" (Iwanami Shoten). To Hiroyuki Aoyama of the editor, the modern Middle East politics of deciphering how, and for the way of the Middle East understanding in Japan, were interviewed. (Interviewer configuration / Mukaiyama ChokuYu) The [Arab heart]? - The concept of [Arab heart] that is used in the title, please tell me. Originally in the 1980s from the 1980s, it is what policy makers who listed the Arab nationalism, was proclaimed in order to assert themselves that it is the center of the Arab world.